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Data-Driven Techniques in Disaster Information Management

Improving disaster management and recovery techniques is one of national priorities given the huge... (more)

Business Process Variability Modeling

It is common for organizations to maintain multiple variants of a given business process, such as multiple sales processes for different products or multiple bookkeeping processes for different countries. Conventional business process modeling languages do not explicitly support the representation of such families of process variants. This gap... (more)

Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN)

Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) has been a key element in e-health to monitor bodies. This technology enables new applications under the umbrella of different domains, including the medical field, the entertainment and ambient intelligence areas. This survey paper places substantial emphasis on the concept and key features of the WBAN technology.... (more)

Evaluation of Knowledge Gaps in Mathematical Applications of Thermal Image Processing Techniques for Fire Prevention

In this article, we present literature reviews on fire prevention methods, especially in mining... (more)

A Survey on Data-Flow Testing

Data-flow testing (DFT) is a family of testing strategies designed to verify the interactions between each program variable’s definition and its uses. Such a test objective of interest is referred to as a def-use pair. DFT selects test data with respect to various test adequacy criteria (i.e., data-flow coverage criteria) to exercise each... (more)

A Survey of Timing Channels and Countermeasures

A timing channel is a communication channel that can transfer information to a receiver/decoder by modulating the timing behavior of an entity. Examples of this entity include the interpacket delays of a packet stream, the reordering packets in a packet stream, or the resource access time of a cryptographic module. Advances in the information and... (more)

A Survey of Qualitative Spatial and Temporal Calculi

Qualitative spatial and temporal reasoning (QSTR) is concerned with symbolic knowledge... (more)

Presentation Attack Detection Methods for Face Recognition Systems

The vulnerability of face recognition systems to presentation attacks (also known as direct attacks or spoof attacks) has received a great deal of... (more)

Hypervideos and Interactive Multimedia Presentations

Hypervideos and interactive multimedia presentations allow the creation of fully interactive and enriched video. It is possible to organize video... (more)

Smart Computing and Sensing Technologies for Animal Welfare

Animals play a profoundly important and intricate role in our lives today. Dogs have been human companions for thousands of years, but now they work... (more)

Hashing Techniques

With the rapid development of information storage and networking technologies, quintillion bytes of data are generated every day from social networks, business transactions, sensors, and many other domains. The increasing data volumes impose significant challenges to traditional data analysis tools in storing, processing, and analyzing these... (more)

Understanding Human-Machine Networks

In the current hyperconnected era, modern Information and Communication Technology (ICT) systems form sophisticated networks where not only do people interact with other people, but also machines take an increasingly visible and participatory role. Such Human-Machine Networks (HMNs) are embedded in... (more)

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About CSUR

ACM Computing Surveys (CSUR) publishes comprehensive, readable tutorials and survey papers that give guided tours through the literature and explain topics to those who seek to learn the basics of areas outside their specialties. These carefully planned and presented introductions are also an excellent way for professionals to develop perspectives on, and identify trends in complex technologies. Recent issues have covered image understanding, software reusability, and object and relational database topics. 

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Forthcoming Articles
Arabic Online Handwriting Recognition (AOHR): A Survey

This article comprehensively surveys Arabic Online Handwriting Recognition (AOHR). We address the challenges posed by online handwriting recognition including ligatures, dots and diacritic problems, online/offline touching of text, and geometric variations. Then, we present a general model of AOHR system that incorporates the different phases of an AOHR system. We summarize the main AOHR databases and identify their uses and limitations. Preprocessing techniques that are used in AOHR, viz. normalization, smoothing, de-hooking, baseline identification, and delayed stroke processing, are presented with illustrative examples. We discuss different techniques for Arabic online handwriting segmentation at the character and morpheme levels and identify their limitations. Feature extraction techniques that are used in AOHR are discussed and their challenges identified. We address the classification techniques of non-cursive (characters and digits) and cursive Arabic online handwriting and analyze their applications. We discuss different classification techniques, viz. structural approaches, SVM, Fuzzy SVM, Neural Networks, HMM, Genetic algorithms, decision trees, and rule-based systems, and analyze their performance. Post-processing techniques are also discussed. Several tables that summarize the surveyed publications are provided for ease of reference and comparison. In the conclusions, we summarize the current limitations and difficulties of AOHR, and future directions of research.

Data Science: A Comprehensive Overview

The twenty-first century has ushered in the age of data economy, in which data DNA becomes an intrinsic constituent of all data-based organisms and carries important knowledge and insights. An appropriate understanding of data DNA and their organisms relies on a new field: data science and its keystone analytics. Although it is widely debated whether big data is a hype and buzz and data science is at its very early phase, significant challenges and opportunities are emerging or inspired from the research, innovation, business and education of data science and analytics. This paper provides a comprehensive survey and tutorial of fundamental aspects of data science and analytics: the evolution from data analysis to data science, the data science concepts, a big picture of the era of data science, major challenges and directions in data innovation, the nature of data analytics, new industrialization and service opportunities in data economy, profession and competency of data education, and typical pitfalls in data science. This article serves as the first in the field to draw a comprehensive big picture, in addition to rich observations, lessons and thinking about data science and analytics.

Game Theory for Cyber Security and Privacy

In this survey, we review the existing game-theoretic approaches for cyber security and privacy issues, categorizing their application into two classes, security and privacy. To show how game theory is utilized in cyberspace security and privacy, we select research regarding three main applications: cyber-physical security, communication security, and privacy. We present game models, features and solutions of the selected works and describe their advantages and limitations from design to implementation of the defense mechanisms. We also identify some emerging trends and topics of the future research. This survey not only demonstrates how to employ game-theoretic approaches to security and privacy, but also encourages researchers to employ game theory to establish a comprehensive understanding of emerging security and privacy problems in cyberspace and potential solutions.

Simulation and Experimentation Platforms for Underwater Acoustic Sensor Networks: Advancements and Challenges

Ocean and water basically cover the major parts of our planet earth. In order to obtain the best utilization of the underlying resources on these parts of earth, people have made some research advancement. Specically, the research on underwater wireless acoustic sensor networks (UWA-SNs) has made a great progress. However, wide deployment of UWA-SNs is far from the reality due to several reasons. One important reason is that offshore deployment and eld-level experiments of ocean-centric applications are both expensive and labor-intensive. Other alternatives to attain this objective are to conduct simulation or experimentation which can reduce cost, and accelerate the research activities and their outcomes. However, designing efcient and reliable simulation and experimentation platforms are proved to be more challenging beyond the expectation. In this paper, we explore the main techniques (and their pros and cons) and components to develop simulation and experimentation platforms, and provide a comprehensive survey report in this area. We classify simulation and experimentation platforms based on some typical criteria, and then provide useful guidelines for researchers on choosing suitable platforms in accordance with their requirements. Finally, we address some open and un-resolved issues in this context, and provide some suggestions on future research.

Optimization of Complex Data Flows with User-Defined Functions

In many fields, recent years have brought a sharp rise in the size of the data to be analyzed and the complexity of the analysis to be performed. Such analyses are often described as data flows specified in declarative data flow languages. A key technique to achieve scalability for such analyses is the optimizability of the declarative programs; however, many real-life data flows are dominated by user-defined functions (UDFs) to perform, for instance, text analysis, graph traversal, classification, or clustering. This calls for specific optimization techniques as UDFs have unknown (to the optimizer) semantics. In this paper, we survey techniques for optimizing data flows with UDFs. We consider methods developed in decades of research in relational database systems as well as more recent approaches spurred by the popularity of Map/Reduce-style data processing frameworks. We present techniques for syntactical data flow modification, approaches for inferring semantics and rewrite options for UDFs, and methods for data flow transformations both on the logical and on the physical level. Furthermore, we give a comprehensive overview on declarative data flow languages for Big Data processing systems from the perspective of their build-in optimization techniques. We also highlight open research challenges with the intention to foster more research into optimizing data flows that contain UDFs.

A Survey of Power and Energy Predictive Models in HPC Systems and Applications

Power and energy efficiency are now critical concerns in extreme-scale high performance scientific computing. Many extreme-scale computing systems today (For example: Top500) have tight integration of multicore CPU processors and accelerators such as GPUs or Intel Xeon Phis or FPGAs allowing them to provide not just unprecedented computational power but also to address these concerns. However, such integration renders these systems highly heterogeneous and hierarchical thereby necessitating design of novel performance and power models to accurately capture these inherent characteristics. There are now several extensive research efforts focusing exclusively on power and energy efficiency models and techniques for the processors composing these extreme-scale computing systems. This article synthesizes these research efforts with absolute concentration on predictive power and energy models with prime emphasis on node architecture. Through this survey, we also intend to highlight the shortcomings of these models to correctly and comprehensively predict the power and energy consumptions by taking into account the hierarchical and heterogeneous nature of these tightly-integrated high performance computing systems.

A Survey of Techniques for Cache Partitioning in Multicore Processors

As the number of on-chip cores and memory demands of applications increase, judicious management of cache resources has become, not merely attractive, but even imperative. Cache partitioning, i.e. dividing cache space between applications based on their memory demands, is a promising approach to provide capacity benefits of shared cache with performance isolation of private caches. However, naively partitioning the cache may lead to performance loss, unfairness and lack of QoS (quality-of-service) guarantees. It is clear that intelligent techniques are required for realizing the full potential of cache partitioning. In this paper, we present a survey of techniques for partitioning shared caches in multicore processors. We categorize the techniques based on important characteristics and provide a bird's eye view of the field of cache partitioning.

A Survey on Reinforcement Learning Models and Algorithms for Traffic Signal Control

Traffic congestion has been an inevitable and complex issue in most urban areas. Of particular interest are the intersections where traffic bottlenecks are known to occur despite being traditionally signalized. Reinforcement learning (RL), which is an artificial intelligence approach, has been adopted in traffic signal control for monitoring and ameliorating traffic congestion. RL enables autonomous decision makers, such as a traffic signal controller, to observe, learn and select the optimal action, such as the appropriate traffic phase and its timing, to manage traffics in order to improve system performance. This article reviews various RL models and algorithms applied to traffic signal control in the aspect of the representations of the RL model (i.e., state, action and reward), performance enhancement, and complexity to establish a foundation for further investigation in this research field. Open issues are presented towards the end of this article to discover new research areas with the objective to spark new interest in this research field.

Bibliometrics

Publication Years 1969-2017
Publication Count 1603
Citation Count 48896
Available for Download 1603
Downloads (6 weeks) 26317
Downloads (12 Months) 201476
Downloads (cumulative) 3110604
Average downloads per article 1940
Average citations per article 31
First Name Last Name Award
El Saddik Abdulmotaleb ACM Distinguished Member (2010)
ACM Senior Member (2008)
Gregory Abowd ACM Eugene L. Lawler Award for Humanitarian Contributions within Computer Science and Informatics (2009)
ACM Senior Member (2008)
Nancy M Amato ACM Distinguished Member (2012)
Owen Astrachan ACM Distinguished Member (2013)
David F Bacon ACM Distinguished Member (2006)
Ruzena R Bajcsy ACM Distinguished Service Award (2003)
ACM AAAI Allen Newell Award (2001)
Benjamin B Bederson ACM Distinguished Member (2011)
Fernando Berzal Galiano ACM Senior Member (2008)
Michael W Blasgen ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1982)
Daniel Bobrow ACM Software System Award (1992)
ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1974)
Eric A. Brewer ACM Prize in Computing (2009)
Peter Brusilovsky ACM Senior Member (2008)
Randal E Bryant ACM Paris Kanellakis Theory and Practice Award (1998)
Douglas C Burger ACM Distinguished Member (2008)
ACM Senior Member (2006)
Margaret Burnett ACM Distinguished Member (2015)
Rajkumar Buyya ACM Senior Member (2008)
Robert Cailliau ACM Software System Award (1995)
Murray S Campbell ACM Distinguished Member (2008)
Mario Cannataro ACM Senior Member (2009)
Godwin V Caruana ACM Senior Member (2013)
Carlos A. Castillo ACM Senior Member (2014)
Donald Chamberlin ACM Software System Award (1988)
Danny Z Chen ACM Distinguished Member (2014)
ACM Senior Member (2011)
Michael G Christel ACM Senior Member (2010)
Edmund Clarke ACM A. M. Turing Award (2007)
ACM Paris Kanellakis Theory and Practice Award (1998)
Ed Coffman ACM Distinguished Service Award (2004)
Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award (1987)
Tom Cormen ACM Distinguished Member (2009)
Fabio Crestani ACM Senior Member (2009)
Ernesto Damiani ACM Distinguished Member (2008)
David DeWitt ACM Software System Award (2008)
Alberto Del Bimbo ACM Distinguished Member (2016)
Peter J Denning Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award (1998)
ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (1996)
ACM Distinguished Service Award (1989)
ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1971)
Jack Dennis ACM-IEEE CS Eckert-Mauchly Award (1984)
Steven J Derose ACM Senior Member (2007)
Matthew B Dwyer ACM Distinguished Member (2007)
David S Ebert ACM Senior Member (2009)
Carla S. Ellis ACM Distinguished Member (2009)
Ahmed Elmagarmid ACM Distinguished Member (2009)
Joel Emer ACM-IEEE CS Eckert-Mauchly Award (2009)
Douglas Engelbart ACM A. M. Turing Award (1997)
ACM Software System Award (1990)
Martin Erwig ACM Senior Member (2008)
Vladimir Estivill-Castro ACM Senior Member (2015)
Matthias Felleisen ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (2009)
Stephen Fink ACM Distinguished Member (2011)
ACM Senior Member (2008)
Michael J Flynn ACM-IEEE CS Eckert-Mauchly Award (1992)
Patrick J Flynn ACM Distinguished Member (2011)
ACM Senior Member (2009)
Stephanie Forrest ACM AAAI Allen Newell Award (2011)
Michael Franz ACM Distinguished Member (2006)
Benjamin Fung ACM Senior Member (2013)
David Garlan ACM Senior Member (2008)
Minos Garofalakis ACM Distinguished Member (2011)
ACM Senior Member (2009)
Garth A Gibson ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award
Series Winner (1991) ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award
Series Winner (1991)
Adele Goldberg ACM Software System Award (1987)
Michael T Goodrich ACM Distinguished Member (2006)
Goetz Graefe ACM Software System Award (2008)
Susan L Graham ACM-IEEE CS Ken Kennedy Award (2011)
ACM Distinguished Service Award (2006)
Jim Gray ACM A. M. Turing Award (1998)
ACM Software System Award (1988)
ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1982)
Cordell Green ACM Grace Murray Hopper Award (1985)
Barbara J Grosz ACM AAAI Allen Newell Award (2008)
Leonidas J Guibas ACM AAAI Allen Newell Award (2007)
Carl Gutwin ACM Distinguished Member (2015)
Wendy Hall Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award (2014)
Lynda Hardman ACM Distinguished Member (2014)
ACM Senior Member (2013)
Juris Hartmanis ACM Distinguished Service Award (2013)
ACM A. M. Turing Award (1993)
John L Hennessy ACM-IEEE CS Eckert-Mauchly Award (2001)
C. Antony R. Hoare ACM A. M. Turing Award (1980)
ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1973)
Gerard J. Holzmann ACM Paris Kanellakis Theory and Practice Award (2005)
ACM Software System Award (2001)
Tiejun Huang ACM Senior Member (2013)
Ihab F. Ilyas ACM Distinguished Member (2014)
Michael I. Jordan ACM AAAI Allen Newell Award (2009)
Joaquim Jorge ACM Senior Member (2007)
Randy H. Katz ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (1999)
Lydia Kavraki ACM Grace Murray Hopper Award (2000)
Angelos Dennis Keromytis ACM Distinguished Member (2012)
ACM Senior Member (2007)
Won Kim ACM Distinguished Service Award (2001)
Jon Kleinberg ACM AAAI Allen Newell Award (2014)
ACM Prize in Computing (2008)
Craig Knoblock ACM Distinguished Member (2008)
Donald E Knuth ACM Software System Award (1986)
ACM A. M. Turing Award (1974)
ACM Grace Murray Hopper Award (1971)
Daphne Koller ACM Prize in Computing (2007)
David Kotz ACM Senior Member (2006)
David J Kuck ACM-IEEE CS Ken Kennedy Award (2010)
ACM-IEEE CS Eckert-Mauchly Award (1993)
Abraham Lempel ACM Paris Kanellakis Theory and Practice Award (1997)
George Lepouras ACM Senior Member (2008)
Nancy Leveson ACM AAAI Allen Newell Award (1999)
Bruce Lindsay ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1982)
Yunhao Liu ACM Presidential Award (2013)
Javier Lopez ACM Senior Member (2012)
Raymond A Lorie ACM Software System Award (1988)
ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1982)
Alessio Malizia ACM Senior Member (2014)
Igor Markov ACM Distinguished Member (2011)
ACM Senior Member (2007)
Steven R. McCanne ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award (1997)
Paul R McJones ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1982)
Tao Mei ACM Distinguished Member (2016)
ACM Senior Member (2012)
Panagiotis Takis Metaxas ACM Senior Member (2009)
Jack Minker ACM AAAI Allen Newell Award (2005)
Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award (1985)
Trevor Mudge ACM-IEEE CS Eckert-Mauchly Award (2014)
Yale N. Patt ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (2000)
ACM-IEEE CS Eckert-Mauchly Award (1996)
David Patterson ACM-IEEE CS Eckert-Mauchly Award (2008)
ACM Distinguished Service Award (2007)
ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (1991)
Randy Pausch ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (2007)
Judea Pearl ACM A. M. Turing Award (2011)
ACM AAAI Allen Newell Award (2003)
Ron Perrott ACM Distinguished Service Award (2015)
Frank Pfenning ACM Senior Member (2007)
Andre Platzer ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award
Honorable Mention (2009) ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award
Honorable Mention (2009)
Thomas G Price ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1982)
Raj Reddy ACM A. M. Turing Award (1994)
John C Reynolds ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1971)
Dirk Riehle ACM Senior Member (2008)
Eric S Roberts ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (2012)
Joel Jose Rodrigues ACM Senior Member (2011)
Saul Rosen ACM Distinguished Service Award (1984)
Barbara Gershon Ryder ACM Presidential Award (2008)
Rizos Sakellariou ACM Senior Member (2015)
Hanan Samet ACM Paris Kanellakis Theory and Practice Award (2011)
Vijay Saraswat ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award (1989)
William L Scherlis ACM Senior Member (2009)
Marc Shapiro ACM Senior Member (2009)
Prashant J Shenoy ACM Distinguished Member (2009)
ACM Senior Member (2006)
Frank Shipman ACM Distinguished Member (2009)
Yoav Shoham ACM AAAI Allen Newell Award (2012)
Joseph Sifakis ACM A. M. Turing Award (2007)
Abraham Silberschatz ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (1998)
Kevin Skadron ACM Distinguished Member (2010)
ACM Senior Member (2007)
Jacob Slonim ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award (1980)
Richard T Snodgrass Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award (2004)
Diomidis Spinellis ACM Senior Member (2006)
Richard Stallman ACM Software System Award (2015)
ACM Grace Murray Hopper Award (1990)
John Stasko ACM Distinguished Member (2011)
ACM Senior Member (2011)
Giancarlo Succi ACM Senior Member (2008)
Subhash Suri ACM Distinguished Member (2007)
Ivan Sutherland ACM Software System Award (1993)
ACM A. M. Turing Award (1988)
Jeffrey Victor Sutherland ACM Senior Member (2009)
Andrew S. Tanenbaum ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (1994)
Robert W Taylor ACM Software System Award (1984)
Bent Thomsen ACM Senior Member (2016)
Irv Traiger ACM Software System Award (1988)
ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1982)
ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1971)
Allen Tucker Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award (1991)
Jeffrey D Ullman ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (1997)
Mateo Valero ACM Distinguished Service Award (2012)
ACM-IEEE CS Eckert-Mauchly Award (2007)
Moshe Y Vardi Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award (2009)
ACM Presidential Award (2008)
ACM Paris Kanellakis Theory and Practice Award (2005)
Sebastian Ventura ACM Senior Member (2013)
Jeffrey S Vetter ACM Distinguished Member (2012)
ACM Gordon Bell Prize
Performance (2010)
Yu Wang ACM Senior Member (2011)
Peter Wegner ACM Distinguished Service Award (2000)
Bruce W Weide ACM Senior Member (2009)
Edgar Weippl ACM Senior Member (2008)
John R. White ACM Presidential Award (2015)
Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award (1994)
Jennifer Widom ACM Athena Lecturer Award (2015)
Reinhard Wilhelm ACM Distinguished Service Award (2010)
Maurice V. Wilkes ACM-IEEE CS Eckert-Mauchly Award (1980)
ACM A. M. Turing Award (1967)
Jeannette M. Wing ACM Distinguished Service Award (2014)
Niklaus E Wirth ACM A. M. Turing Award (1984)
ACM Programming Systems and Languages Paper Award (1978)
Pierre Wolper ACM Paris Kanellakis Theory and Practice Award (2005)
Jie Wu ACM Senior Member (2006)
William A Wulf ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (2014)
ACM Distinguished Service Award (2011)
Qiang Yang ACM Distinguished Member (2011)
Bulent Yener ACM Senior Member (2013)
Feng Zhao ACM Distinguished Member (2006)
Yuanyuan Zhou ACM Distinguished Member (2011)
Albert Zomaya ACM Distinguished Member (2006)
Stuart Zweben Outstanding Contribution to ACM Award (1997)
Andries van Dam ACM Karl V. Karlstrom Outstanding Educator Award (1993)

First Name Last Name Paper Counts
Peter Denning 21
Adele Goldberg 18
William Dorn 9
Anthony Wasserman 8
Helen Ashman 6
Rachid Guerraoui 6
Andries Van Dam 6
Rajkumar Buyya 6
Sparsh Mittal 6
Peter Wegner 6
Jeffrey Vitter 5
Yannis Ioannidis 5
Jacques Cohen 5
Elliott Organick 5
Andrew Tanenbaum 5
Wendy Hall 4
Corrado Priami 4
Gonzalo Navarro 4
Albert Zomaya 4
James Fry 4
James Peterson 4
Pierpaolo Degano 4
Peter Lee 4
Rance Cleaveland 4
Fred Schneider 4
Jayadev Misra 4
Peter Wegner 4
Sameeullah Khan 4
Azriel Rosenfeld 4
Richard Muntz 4
Jens Palsberg 4
Hanan Samet 4
Narendra Ahuja 4
Brad Myers 4
Tamer Özsu 4
Gregory Andrews 4
Jeffrey Buzen 4
Luca Cardelli 4
Scott Smolka 4
Mohamed Fayad 4
Bruce Weide 3
Toby Teorey 3
Miroslaw Malek 3
Johnleslie King 3
David Schmidt 3
Robert Rosin 3
Charles Consel 3
Pankaj Agarwal 3
Nabil Adam 3
Abdullah Gani 3
David Lilja 3
Ingrid Carlbom 3
Avi Silberschatz 3
Dick Bulterman 3
Leslie Carr 3
Michael Bieber 3
Robyn Kozierok 3
Mark Harman 3
Cristina Nita-Rotaru 3
Werner Retschitzegger 3
Patrick Cousot 3
Chris Hankin 3
Alberto Pettorossi 3
Jonathan Grudin 3
Thomas Dean 3
Maurizio Proietti 3
John Rice 3
John Stankovic 3
Michael, Loui 3
Azzedine Boukerche 3
Emil Lupu 3
Marvin Zelkowitz 3
Udo Pooch 3
Garth Gibson 3
Mahadevan Ganapathi 3
Jon Doyle 3
Raghu Ramakrishnan 3
Dirk Riehle 3
George Nagy 3
Alexander Thomasian 3
Laurie Damianos 3
Zimu Zhou 3
Carlo Furia 3
Henry Ledgard 3
Hanne Nielson 3
Flemming Nielson 3
Randy Katz 3
Roberto Tamassia 3
Frank Manola 3
Jacques Noyé 3
Ben Shneiderman 3
Isabel Cruz 3
Roberto Gorrieri 3
Joseph Pasquale 3
David De Roure 3
Michael Marcotty 3
Sigmund Gorski 2
Peter Larsen 2
Patricia Lago 2
CÉcile Paris 2
Robbert Van Renesse 2
Richard Bird 2
Marjan Mernik 2
Mark Truran 2
David Kotz 2
Zhiwen Yu 2
Thierry Lecroq 2
Claudio Carpineto 2
Giuseppe Italiano 2
Mohammed Bennamoun 2
Jim Woodcock 2
Hector Levesque 2
Jim Kurose 2
Antônio Loureiro 2
Michael Hanus 2
Fred Maryanski 2
Edward Reingold 2
John Hatcliff 2
William Wulf 2
Charles Fischer 2
Chittoor Ramamoorthy 2
Jeffrey Ullman 2
Goetz Graefe 2
Allen Tucker 2
Eduardo Hruschka 2
Angelo Morzenti 2
Robert Sedgewick 2
Lynette Hirschman 2
Edgar Sibley 2
John Fitzgerald 2
Hans Gellersen 2
Jürg Nievergelt 2
Bruce Schachter 2
David Embley 2
Benjamin Bustos 2
Daniel Keim 2
Joseph Paciorek 2
Maarten Van Steen 2
Philip Wadler 2
William Kent 2
Kevin Crowston 2
André Schiper 2
Gerti Kappel 2
Eduardo Miranda 2
Gilles Muller 2
Richard Snodgrass 2
Carl Landwehr 2
John Hennessy 2
Ahmed Elmagarmid 2
John Mitchell 2
Alexander Brodsky 2
Kenneth Neves 2
Tiziana Catarci 2
Michael Mannino 2
Andreas Bulling 2
Leon Osterweil 2
Brian Davison 2
Walter Kohler 2
Sungho Kang 2
Zhiqiang Lin 2
Wieland Schwinger 2
Thomas Dietterich 2
Yonathan Bard 2
Alistair Moffat 2
Gary Leavens 2
Kenneth Kraemer 2
Klara Nahrstedt 2
Ricardo Baeza-Yates 2
Cinzia Cappiello 2
Luke Hornof 2
Dana Angluin 2
Leon Presser 2
Norman Meyrowitz 2
Faron Moller 2
H Li 2
James Foley 2
Malvin Kalos 2
Pierre Wolper 2
Robert Jacob 2
Wayne Citrin 2
James Hollan 2
Theodor Nelson 2
Harri Oinas-Kukkonen 2
Gustavo Rossi 2
Trevor Mudge 2
Katia Sycara 2
Sajjad Madani 2
William Enck 2
Inderveer Chana 2
Sitharama Iyengar 2
John Derrick 2
Umesh Bellur 2
Carl Gunter 2
Arun Ross 2
Victor Lesser 2
Clement Yu 2
Aristides Requicha 2
Zvi Galil* 2
Jan Heering 2
Douglas Comer 2
Guillaume Pierre 2
Pieter Hartel 2
David Maier 2
William Stallings 2
Carlo Batini 2
Renaud Marlet 2
Nic Volanschi 2
Philip YU 2
Michael Leuschel 2
Henry Korth 2
Ephraim Glinert 2
Tiziana Margaria 2
Philippe Codognet 2
Alberto Marchetti-Spaccamela 2
Mary Rosson 2
Ouri Wolfson 2
Betty Salzberg 2
Dino Mandrioli 2
Martha Larson 2
Kevin Martin 2
Brian Randell 2
Davide Brugali 2
Peter Triantafillou 2
Jochen Huber 2
Hafedh Mili 2
Matteo Rossi 2
Philip Bernstein 2
Alípio Jorge 2
Giuseppe Anastasi 2
Serge Demeyer 2
Ronald Loui 2
Simon Kasif 2
Elisha Sacks 2
Andrew Turpin 2
Jörg Rothe 2
Dennis Severance 2
Krithi Ramamritham 2
Dale Miller 2
Edmund Clarke 2
Jeannette Wing 2
Kim Bruce 2
Fabio Vitali 2
Daniel Schwabe 2
Ivona Brandić 2
Jeffrey Kurtz 2
Charu Aggarwal 2
Fátima Nunes 2
Anne Kermarrec 2
James Stanier 2
Francky Catthoor 2
William Smyth 2
S Iyengar 2
Catherine McGeoch 2
George Lueker 2
Nathan Goodman 2
Abdelhamid Bouchachia 2
Shishir Nagaraja 2
Won Kim 2
Wolfgang Klas 2
Lester Lipsky 2
Thomas Moran 2
Frederick Lochovsky 2
Pascal Felber 2
Subrata Dasgupta 2
Paul Hudak 2
John Gallagher 2
Lawrence Dowdy 2
Derrell Foster 2
Subhash Suri 2
James Michener 2
Joseph Sifakis 2
Robert Harper 2
Douglas Schmidt 2
Francis Sullivan 2
Charles Hoare 2
Howard Wactlar 2
Steve Bryson 2
Ugo Montanari 2
Bernhard Steffen 2
Vijay Saraswat 2
João Gama 2
Juris Hartmanis 2
Kevin Mills 2
Andrzej Jajszczyk 2
Raymond Yeh 2
Christos Faloutsos 2
Sivan Toledo 2
Axel Jantsch 2
Alexander Gluhak 2
Andrew Newell 2
Michael Franz 2
Albert Bifet 2
Justin Zobel 2
Giovanni Romano 2
Natarajan Shankar 2
Bruce Leverett 2
Eduardofreire Nakamura 2
Dennis Volpano 2
Alan Feuer 2
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Kim Larsen 1
Amit Singh 1
Uwe Zdun 1
Guoliang Li 1
Luca Console 1
George Dodd 1
Margaret Atkins 1
Johnny Wong 1
Alfred Dale 1
David Alberts 1
Alicia Ageno 1
Jordi Turmo 1
Wenyi Zhao 1
Gábor Erdélyi 1
Henrik Pilegaard 1
Yimin Wang 1
Mario Gonzalez 1
David Redmiles 1
Carlos Chesñevar 1
Dejan Vranić 1
Christine Tomlinson 1
T Dolotta 1
Changhai Nie 1
Fatiha Zaïdi 1
Arantza Illarramendi 1
Ishfaq Ahmad 1
Phillip Conrad 1
Paul Amer 1
John Quarterman 1
Weiyi Meng 1
Yasushi Saito 1
Marc Shapiro 1
David Gilbert 1
Tanusree Pai 1
William Tolone 1
Gailjoon Ahn 1
David Hsaio 1
James Baker 1
Roman Vitenberg 1
Rajendra Bose 1
Josep Silva 1
Guido Urdaneta 1
Jaishankar Menon 1
David Dewitt 1
Daniel Mossé 1
Qi Tian 1
Venkat Gudivada 1
Borko Furht 1
Peter Chen 1
David Gelernter 1
Gregory Brewster 1
Geoffrey Smith 1
William Frakes 1
Lorenzo Strigini 1
Shaji Bhaskar 1
Richard Hopkins 1
Diomidis Spinellis 1
Luciano Costa 1
Raman Ramsin 1
Renzo Angles 1
Claudio Gutiérrez 1
Subject index 1
Venkat Devarajan 1
Edward Bender 1
Sriram Sankar 1
Chiara Francalanci 1
Inmaculada Aleman 1
Robert Davis 1
R Dybvig 1
Vecheslav Volkov 1
Gilberto Filé 1
Rajiv Gupta 1
David Basin 1
Andrei Klimov 1
Frank Pfenning 1
Felix Gärtner 1
Óscar Díaz 1
Brian Kernighan 1
Peter Brown 1
Jonathan Millen 1
Muhammad Nanda 1
Richard Frost 1
James Hester 1
Hector Garcia-Molina 1
Pedro Diniz 1
Alfons Kemper 1
Michele Bugliesi 1
Scott Draves 1
Norman Paton 1
Philip Wickline 1
Maureen Harris Cheheyl 1
Hassan Reghbati 1
Steve Fox 1
B Shannon 1
G Denys 1
Allen Johnson 1
Richard Furuta 1
Curtis Roads 1
Jean Gagne 1
Bülent Yener 1
Walter Wilson 1
Montgomery Phister 1
Jukka Paakki 1
Hubie Chen 1
Kevin Knight 1
Efstratios Gallopoulos 1
Brent Hailpern 1
Bruce Barnes 1
Jane Liu 1
Gregory Abowd 1
William Griswold 1
Stephen Fink 1
Bart Selman 1
Dannyziyi Chen 1
Jeff Sutherland 1
Thomas Conte 1
David Wood 1
Robert Cupper 1
Catherine McCollum 1
Bonnie John 1
John Lehoczky 1
Oded Goldreich 1
Joel Emer 1
Jim Smith 1
Mohamed Gouda 1
Gert Smolka 1
Roy Rada 1
Douglas Keenan 1
Omar Javed 1
Lintao Zhang 1
Ralf Steinbruggen 1
J and 1
Edward Barkmeyer 1
Leo Mark 1
William Schucany 1
Bernard Elspas 1
David Mount 1
S Muthukrishnan 1
Jack Snoeyink 1
Herbert Edelsbrunner 1
Dimitris Metaxas 1
John Hershberger 1
Ali Mili 1
Stanley Habib 1
Wesley Clark 1
Gio Wiederhold 1
Omran Bukhres 1
Richard Hull 1
Bent Thomsen 1
Howard Shrobe 1
Kevin Jeffay 1
Craig Chambers 1
William Older 1
Barbara Blaustein 1
Jacob Slonim 1
Rajeev Alur 1
Cliff Jones 1
Gerard Holzmann 1
Robert Todd 1
Andrew Black 1
William Mckeeman 1
Stuart Shieber 1
Boris Magnusson 1
Edward Miller 1
Alastair Donaldson 1
Steven DeRose 1
Douglas Engelbart 1
Soumen Chakrabarti 1
Alan Smeaton 1
Gail Reynard 1
Steve Benford 1
Janet Verbyla 1
Qing Li 1
Mischa Schwartz 1
Henri Bal 1
Paolo Ciancarini 1
Carol Terry 1
Paolo Santi 1
Dror Rawitz 1
Stephanos Androutsellis-Theotokis 1
Errata 1
John May 1
Hong Zhu 1
Roger Chin 1
Samuel Chanson 1
Dawid Weiss 1
Fernando Navarro 1
Matthew Parris 1
Theodoor Scholte 1
Prashant Shenoy 1
Linda Kieffer 1
Elisabeth André 1
Karoline Malmkjær 1
Daniel Hirschberg 1
Bern Martens 1
Danny De Schreye 1
Niklaus Wirth 1
Herbert Steinberg 1
Matthew Dwyer 1
J Yohe 1
John Kollias 1
Mubarak Shah 1
Helmuth Partsch 1
Priti Mishra 1
Frank Matthijs 1
Dinesh Pai 1
Bruce Pennycook 1
David Skillicorn 1
Domenico Talia 1
Jules Desharnais 1
Ronald Srodawa 1
David Zage 1
Richard Bergeron 1
Ian Horswill 1
Fernando Pereira 1
William Swartout 1
Dirk Grunwald 1
Carl Smith 1
Christopher Fraser 1
Gomer Thomas 1
J Farrar 1
Weekeong Ng 1
Jeff Erickson 1
Christian Jensen 1
James Larson 1
W Maurer 1
Yuri Leontiev 1
Ming Lin 1
Volker Gaede 1
Matthew Edman 1
David Landskov 1
Bruce Shriver 1
Edward Schrems 1
Evaggelia Pitoura 1
David Garlan 1
Ron Cytron 1
Jan Groote 1
Owen Astrachan 1
Yoav Shoham 1
Barbara Grosz 1
Debra Lelewer 1
Jim Johnson 1
John Stasko 1
Thomas Cormen 1
Reinhard Wilhelm 1
Avi Wigderson 1
Mehmet Dincbas 1
Eugene Freuder 1
Hans Schek 1
Scot Drysdale 1
Gary Strong 1
Samuel Kamin 1
Paul Green 1
Julie McCann 1
Alice Miller 1
Howard Hamilton 1
Daniel Cunliffe 1
Sougata Mukherjea 1
Wensyan Li 1
Hugh Davis 1
Roland Chin 1
Silvia Biasotti 1
Valeria Cardellini 1
Hanspeter Mössenböck 1
Vassilis Prevelakis 1
Liqiang Geng 1
Kenneth Anderson 1
Jacco Van Ossenbruggen 1
Peter Brusilovsky 1
Megan Quentin-Baxter 1
David Bacon 1
Scott Hauck 1
Costas Vassilakis 1
Wayne Luk 1
Alan Bull 1
Susan Wiedenbeck 1
Patricia Beatty 1
James Miller 1
Steven German 1
Alan Mackworth 1
Jon Riecke 1
Claudia Landi 1
Gabriele Taentzer 1
Andrzej Tarlecki 1
Juraj Hromkovič 1
Micha Sharir 1
J Aggarwal 1
Albert Christoph 1
Diego Latella 1
Sibel Yenikaya 1
Vatche Ishakian 1
Aluízio Araújo 1
Renata Rego 1
Xin Zhang 1
Zhiguang Han 1
Chao Gao 1
Talal Noor 1
Quan Sheng 1
Martin Radetzki 1
Christopher Leckie 1
David Kingsbury 1
Dertsai Lee 1
Jürgen Ziegler 1
Karsten Weihe 1
Ayman Fayoumi 1
Shanika Karunasekera 1
Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann 1
Jake Aggarwal 1
Jean Guillaume 1
Gian Picco 1
Roverli Ziwich 1
Carla Ellis 1
Siegfried Reich 1
Martin Erwig 1
Pasquale Malacaria 1
Hartmut Ehrig 1
Susanne Albers 1
Cornelis Van Rijsbergen 1
Mounia Lalmas 1
Michaelsahngwon Ryoo 1
Falk Scholer 1
Linda Weldon 1
Bettina Kemme 1
Kevin Roundy 1
Barton Miller 1
Rocco De Nicola 1
Chaochao Feng 1
Stephanie Forrest 1
M Rao 1
Michael Flynn 1
Rodrigo Barros 1
Daniel Thalmann 1
Judea Pearl 1
Richard Holt 1
James Brancheau 1
John Carlis 1
Ran El-Yaniv 1
Nash Aragam 1
Nor Anuar 1
Laurence Nigay 1
Jano Van Hemert 1
Fernando Berzal 1
Alexander Magnano 1
Marcus Pendleton 1
Richard Garcia-Lebron 1
Nour Abura'ed 1
T Geetha 1
Christine Neuwirth 1
James Morris 1
Francis Kubala 1
Edward Grossman 1
Gil Hansen 1
Manuel Hermenegildo 1
Wenhann Wang 1
Doron Peled 1
John Rushby 1
Prasad Sistla 1
Kent Wittenburg 1
Peri Tarr 1
Jos Baeten 1
Rina Dechter 1
Eric Roberts 1
Lui Sha 1
Markus Huebscher 1
Mark Bernstein 1
Uffe Wiil 1
John Leggett 1
Ross Wilkinson 1
Robert Cailliau 1
Douglas Tudhope 1
Paul De Bra 1
Adib Zarea-Aliabadi 1
Charles Dyer 1
Bianca Falcidieno 1
Patrizio Frosini 1
Susan Graham 1
Oliver Sharp 1
George Lepouras 1
Eugenia Giannopoulou 1
David Thomas 1
Nikolaos Kotsis 1
Anton Dahbura 1
John McDermott 1
Clémence Magnien 1
Steffen Van Bakel 1
Luiz Albini 1
Dan Olsen 1
Stefano Lonardi 1
Antonio Restivo 1
Roel Wieringa 1
Hans Van Vliet 1
André De Carvalho 1
Kyriakos Kritikos 1
Marco Comuzzi 1
Michael Parkin 1
Hui Wang 1
Michele Colajanni 1
Sylvain Petitjean 1
Luca Mottola 1
Andrew Ko 1
Faith Fich 1
Jeff Ruilifson 1
Laura Papaleo 1
Ian Reay 1
Scott Dick 1
Catuscia Palamidessi 1
Maurice Wilkes 1
Russell Greiner 1
Damian Tamburri 1
Gokhan Yenikaya 1
Ekrem Duven 1
Jian Yu 1
Veli Mäkinen 1
Christopher Bishop 1
Kevin Rudd 1
PaiCheng Chu 1
Rajeev Motwani 1
Prabhakar Raghavan 1
S Sudarshan 1
David Ebert 1
Ivan Sutherland 1
Carol Brown 1
Thomas Parsons 1
Scott Lewandowski 1
Amy Karlson 1
Yi Yao 1
Jianying Zhou 1
Laszlo Belady 1
Danny De Cock 1
Rosli Salleh 1
Sylvia Osborn 1
Noura Aljeri 1
Shouhuai Xu 1
Susan Regli 1
Sean Colbath 1
Thomas Bannon 1
Jean Scholtz 1
Samuel Bayer 1
Sankar Virdhagriswaran 1
Jonathan Rees 1
Jurgen Koch 1
Howard Siegel 1
Doug Burger 1
Karen Kukich 1
Herbert Freeman 1
Michal Szymaniak 1
Maurizio Lenzerini 1
Shamkant Navathe 1
Nancy Leveson 1
Peter Freeman 1
Koen Simoens 1
éric Lecolinet 1
Daniel Servos 1
Michel Van Eeten 1
Marco Aiello 1
Chii Chang 1
Jean Favreau 1
Miodrag Potkonjak 1
David Payton 1
Yihong Gong 1
Michael Christel 1
Elan Amir 1
William, Rouse 1
Richard Mayer 1
Victor Voydock 1
Jamescornelius King 1
Michael Norman 1
M Reid 1
Vassilis Tsotras 1
Raimund Ege 1
I MacCallum 1
Richard Borie 1
Craig Thompson 1
Tseyun Feng 1
Phyllis Reisner 1
Stephen Schach 1
Balaji Raghavachari 1
Charles McDowell 1
Bruce Abramson 1
Derrick Kourie 1
Vijay Gurbaxani 1
A Shankar 1
Andrea Valerio 1
Elizabeth Kendall 1
Pierre Roy 1
Angela Schuett 1
Suchitra Raman 1
TeckLee Tung 1
Andrew Swan 1
Randall Frank 1
Lee Erman 1
Francis Quek 1
Heinz Bender 1
Robert Glück 1
Graem Ringwood 1
Brad Mehlenbacher 1
Stuart Hirshfield 1
Michael Marefat 1
Dongyoung Koo 1
Maximilian Capraro 1
Hing Fung 1
Stephen Yau 1
Lester Heitger 1
David Helmbold 1
Ian Witten 1
Charles Colbourn 1
Rudy Hirschheim 1
John Savage 1
Neil Jones 1
Joseph Gallian 1
Antero Taivalsaari 1
P Krishna 1
Anne Liret 1
François Pachet 1
Ritendra Datta